Philip Juras - MLA Thesis 1997  
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The Presettlement Piedmont Savanna - A Model For Landscape Design and Management - Philip Juras 1997 (pdf format)
Table of Contents - Chapters: One - Two - Three - Four - Five - Six - Seven - Eight - Works Cited - Appendices: A - B - C - D - E

Appendix C

HERB LAYER SPECIES OF A XERIC HARDPAN FOREST

Scattered throughout Piedmont, over clay, (shrink-swell such as Iredell) or shallow rock hardpan.  Maintained by harsh soil moisture conditions and formerly fire. (Schafale and Weakley 78,79)

Common Herbs
Rare Species
Danthonia spicata
Schizachyrium scoparium
Clematis ochroleuca
Aster solidagineus
Hieraceum venosum
Hieraceum gronovii
Hypericum hpericoides
Aster dumosus
Lespedeza spp.
Oenothera fruticosa
Liatris gramnifolia
Solidago spp.
Echinacea laevigata
Helianthus laevigatus
Helianthus schweinitzii
Hexalectris spicata
Hexastylis lewisii
Lathyrus venosus
Liatris squarrulosa
Lithospermum canescens
Lotus purshianus var. helleri
Parthenium integrifolium var. auriculatum
Silphium terebinthinaceum

HERB LAYER SPECIES OF A DIABASE GLADE

Known only in areas of Rock Hill and Durham and Granville counties.
Maintianed by shallow dry soils and probably formerly fire. (Schafale and Weakley 113)

Common Herbs
Rare Species
Diodia teres
Houstonia tenuifolia
Oenothera fruticosa
Portulaca smallii
Talinum teretifolium
Tragia urticifolia
Sporobolus clandestinus
Manfreda (Agave) virginica
Polygonum tenue
Clematis ochroleuca
Lithospermum canescens
Asclepias verticillata
Ruellia humilis
Trichostema dichotomum
Opuntia compressa
Trichostema brachiatum
Aster depauperatus
Cladina spp.
Sisyrinchium mucronatum
Schizachyrium (Andropogon) scoparium
Panicum flexile
Parthenium integrifolium var. auriculatum
Hypericum denticulatum
Crotonopsis elliptica
Cyperus granitophilus
Bulbostylis capillaris ssp. capillaris
Aristida longespica
Aquilegia canadensis
Arabis canadensis
Anemone virginiana
Aster depauperatus
Baptisia australis var. australis
Berberis canadensis
Echinaea laevigata
Eupatorium incarnatum
Isoetes piedmontana
Lathyrus venosus
Liatris squarrulosa
Linum sulcatum var. sulcatum
Lithospermum canescens
Lotus purshianus var. helleri
Manfreda virginica
Matelea decipiens
Panicum flexile
Parthenium integrifolium var. auriculatum
Polygala senega
Polygonum tenue
Portulaca smallii
Ruellia humilis
Ruellia purshiana
Scutellaria leonardii
Senecio pauperculus
Silphium terebinthinaceum
Solidago ptarmicoides
Trichostema brachiatum
Trichostema setaceum


HERB LAYER SPECIES OF AN ULTRAMAFIC OUTCROP BARREN

Occur on outcrops of dunite, serpentine or related ultramaphic rock, usually on southern or flat exposure.
Very rare community, one in mountains of North Carolina, one near Augusta, Georgia. (Schafale and Weakley 115,116)

Common Herbs
Rare Species
Schizachyrium scoparium
Andropogon gerardii
Sporobolus heterolepis
Poa saltuensis (languida)
Senecio plattensis
Hexastylis arifolia
Thalictrum macrostylum
Dichanthelium (Panicum) sphaerocarpon
Dichanthelium (Panicum) lanuginosum
Solidago nemoralis]
Senecio plattensis
Muhlenbergia glomerata
Deschampsia cespitosa
Sporobolus heterolepis
Castilleja coccinea
Deschampsia cespitosa ssp. glauca
Elymus (Agropyron) trachycaulus
Frasera caroliniensis
Gentianopsis crinita
Muhlenbergia glomerata
Poa saltuensis
Parnassia grandifolia
Polygala paucifolia
Polygala senega
Senecio plattensis
Sporobolus heterolepis


HERB LAYER SPECIES OF A MESIC PINE FLATWOODS

This Coastal Plain community has similarities to former Piedmont Longleaf Pine Forest (Schafale and Weakley 80) once possibly extensive in lower Piedmont, but now gone due mainly to fire supression. (Schafale and Weakley 131-133)

Andropogon gerardii
Anthaenantia villosa
Aristida stricta
Dalea (Petalostemum) pinnata
Euphorbia corollata
Gymnopogon brevifolius
Lespedeza capitata
Agalinis tenella
Agalinis virgata
Anthaenantia villosa
Asclepias longifolia
Buchnera americana
Calamovilfa brevipilis
Coreopsis gladiata
Dalea pinnata
Dionaea muscipula
Gentiana autumnalis
Gratiola aurea
Hypoxis sessilis
Oenothera perennis
Onosmodium virginianum
Panicum virgatum
Paspalum bifidum
Pteridium aquilinum
Schizachyrium scoparium
Solidago odora
Sorghastrum nutans
Parthenium radfordii
Paspalum bifidum
Prunus umbellata
Pteroglassaspis ecristata
Rhus michauxii
Rudbeckia heliopsidis
Schwalbea americana
Scleria minor
Solidago verna
Sphenopholis filiformis
Tofieldia glabra
Tridens carolinianus
Tridens strictus
Xyris difformis var. curtissii

 
HERB LAYER SPECIES OF THE BLACK BELT PRAIRIE

Occurred over calcareous soils in Alabama and Mississippi. (Jones 35,36)

Grasses
Andropogon gerardii
Andropogon virginicus
Bouteloua curtipendula
Sorghastrum nutans
Eragrostis capillaris
Schizachyrium scoparius
Forbs
Silphium laciniatum
Silphium dentatum
Silphium trifoliatum
Echinacea purpurea
Dracopis amplexicaulis
Ratibida pinnata
Cacalia plantaginea
Gaillardia aestivalis
Liatris aspera
Liatris squarrosa
Rudbeckia fulgida
Rudbeckia hirta
Rudbeckia laciniata
Helianthus hirsutus
Helianthus divaricatus
Asclepias viridis
Monarda citriodora
Monarda fistulosa
Dalea candida
Dalea pupurea
Neptunia lutea
Desmanthus illinoensis
Oenothera biennis
Gaura filipes
Verbena simplex
Verbena canadensis
Tragia urticifolia
Pycanthemum flexuosum
Schoenolirion croceum

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The Presettlement Piedmont Savanna - A Model For Landscape Design and Management - Philip Juras 1997
Table of Contents - Chapters: One - Two - Three - Four - Five - Six - Seven - Eight - Works Cited - Appendices: A - B - C - D - E